Ecocide – limits of parks and reserves

The failure of ‘preservationism’ is evident again:

http://e360.yale.edu/…/how_nations_are_chipping_away_…/2989/

As long as society remains committed to expansionism, both economic growth (‘affluence’) and growth in human numbers (increasingly promoted or at least welcomed by a range of governments), the tide of resultant ‘development’ is bound to wash away one park and reserve after another, with survivors reduced in viable size and unsustainably fragmented. ‘Smart planning’ in land use cannot cope with overdevelopment.

Winning protected status for key natural areas and habitat has long been seen as the gold standard of conservation. But these gains are increasingly being compromised…
E360.YALE.EDU
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Ecocide – loss of biodiversity in Israel

The Israeli ‘question’ and anti-semitism are in the news. We need a Green perspective. The following piece might provide one element. It is an extract from a recent article by an Israeli academic, Professor Alon Tal a faculty member at Ben Gurion University :

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Israel offers a microcosm of the global situation: A meeting point of three continents, at the middle of the twentieth century, this tiny country was still home to an astonishing assemblage of mammals, birds and reptiles. That’s because in 1949 there were one million people living in Israel. Today there are eight million. The equation is simple: more people means less wildlife. Accordingly, about a third of the country’s 115 indigenous mammal species today are either endangered or critically endangered. The amphibian population is almost entirely extirpated.

Israel has a remarkable program of conservation and its powerful Nature and Parks Authority set aside 25% of the country for reserves. But growing human settlement continues to fragment habitats and undermine the benefits that nature provides. These go far beyond any individual organism. When humans encroach on open spaces, they also lose the free services that nature provides: filters for clean water, protection from hurricanes, natural pollinators, soil integrity and recreational resources. The rapid rise in populations also tends to sabotage basic social services: schools are crowded, medical care overwhelmed, the legal system backed up, transportation gridlock unbearable and accessible housing inadequate. Infrastructure has a very hard keeping up with relentless growth.

Technological Pollyannas suggest that today’s technologies mean that we in the West needn’t be concerned. But of course we should. There are global limits that affect us all. Even Israel, whose ultra-hi-tech agriculture probably yields more “crop per drop” than any other country is only able to produce 45% of the calories required for its growing population.

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Professor Tal directs our attention to the big question ignored in all the currents, namely that all contending forces in the Israel-Palestine area and indeed the entire Middle East are putting grossly unsustainable pressures on underpinning life-support systems there. Growth in local human numbers is the prime driver.

Ecocide – loss of leopard habitat

The more the human takeover of our finite planet, the less there is for other species and leopards are one species amongst an increasing number that are payong the price for human excess:

https://news.mongabay.com/…/leopards-serious-trouble-lost…/…

Here is a tragedy of the commons. With only a tiny and utterly inadequate area set aside for reserves (and their future is often insecure), the leopards’ habitat is open access for human land grabs. Each and every little bite out of that range cumulatively builds up to a crippling loss of habitat, either directly destroyed, grossly impoverished or fragmented into unviable ‘islands’. There is no big plan to wipe out leopards but that is the inevitable outcome unless the process is halted and we learn to share the planet with our co-dependents.

Overall, leopards have lost more than 75% of their historic habitat. Some subspecies, such as the North Chinese, Amur and Arabian leopards, have lost about 98 percent…
NEWS.MONGABAY.COM